How to Navigate College Admissions Limbo
When students get admitted to the colleges of their choice, they're elated. When they don't, they're disappointed. But what happens when students get stuck in college admissions limbo — not quite accepted and not quite rejected by the schools they want to attend?
Being put on a college wait list can be a huge blow to a student's confidence and can feel as if his or her academic dreams are out of reach. However, there are things that student can do to deal with the situation. This guide provides information for students on how to navigate this process, possibly be admitted after being wait-listed and keep their options open.
Understanding College Wait Lists
To students, being put on a school's waiting list may feel like a terrible turn of events in their journey to attend college. However, although a wait list may seem like an outright rejection, schools actually have an important, practical reason for using them, which doesn't have anything to do with a specific group of applicants themselves.
What this means for students is that after a college has reached its enrollment capacity, the college may offer the opportunity to be placed on its waiting list and have their candidacy revisited after the school receives answers from accepted students. Those who decide to remain on a waiting list may be chosen for admission when the school determines how many spots are available, but this is not a guarantee. Although students who are wait-listed don't have to completely give up on the possibility of attending their first-choice college, but they also shouldn't put all their eggs in that school's basket.
“In many ways, colleges' wait lists are the Wild West of the college admissions process, meaning anything is possible during the wait list process,” Meister says. “Everything from no students getting off the wait list to hundreds getting off the wait list.”
“A college admissions office is never sure how many students will accept its offer of regular admission,” says Craig Meister, founder of Admissions Intel, a website providing undergraduate admissions guidance. “Therefore, many college admissions offices like to have some extra kids to choose from off a wait list if more students than the college admissions office was expecting choose to decline the college's offer of admission.”
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Fast Facts About the College Wait List
34 percent of colleges
maintain waiting lists. Generally, waiting lists are kept by highly selective schools or those that have low rates of students who enroll after acceptance.
Private colleges are more likely to use waiting lists than public ones.
Source: National Association for College Admission Counseling
During the Fall 2016 admissions cycle, about
23 percent of students
who decided to remain on waiting lists were admitted by the schools.
Source: National Association for College Admission Counseling
use waiting lists.
In the Fall 2016 admissions cycle,
48 percent of students
who were wait-listed chose to remain on the waiting lists.
Source: National Association for College Admission Counseling
10 percent of college applicants
end up on waiting lists.
Source: U.S. News & World Report
Most colleges don't publicize how many students they put on waiting lists.
Source: Inside Higher Ed
Waiting List Myths Debunked
|Sending a recommendation from the school principal or additional teachers will get a student off a waiting list.||“I have seen all of these attempted, and usually they don't work because colleges don't need more third-party advice on your credentials,” says Meister. “Colleges need the space to accept you, and they need to believe that you want it more than others on the wait list. Students should be able to relay this information and not depend on others to do so.”|
|When students are placed on wait lists, all they have to do is wait to hear back from the schools.||Colleges expect students offered spots on waiting lists to send wait list letters expressing their continued interest in attending those schools.|
|Colleges only use information that was already submitted in the application to choose whom to admit from the wait list.||A student should update the college on what activities he or she has been involved in since submitting the application.|
|There is a way to get to the top of the wait list.||Generally, waiting lists are not ranked, but, in some cases, the school does rank students.|
|A wait list and a deferral are the same thing.||When a student is deferred, the school usually needs more information to make a decision. Schools put students on wait lists after they have reviewed all of those students' information.|
|Being put on a wait list means that someone is not a good fit for the school.||“Just because a student is wait-listed does not mean they were ill-suited for the university,” says Pam Andrews, CEO of The Scholarship Shark. “Colleges may choose applicants based on a lack of students in different programs or some other discrepancy.”|
|Wait lists are small.||The size of a wait list depends on the school, and, in some cases, they can be quite large — even, occasionally, exceeding the target class size. For example, Inside Higher Ed reports that for the Fall 2018 admissions cycle, the University of Pennsylvania wait-listed about 3,500 students, and Brown University wait-listed 2,724 students. The previous year, Middlebury College wait-listed 1,316 students for a class of just over 700, and Boston College put 5,689 students on its waiting list for a class of a little more than 2,400.|
|Being wait-listed is the same as being denied.||“Being wait-listed is not the same as being denied. Admissions counselors create a wait list because they expect to have to use the wait list as students decline their acceptances,” says Tracy Riggle Young, director of enrollment and retention at Pittsburgh Theological Seminary.|
You've Been Wait-Listed. Now What?
Once a student has been wait-listed by a preferred school, it's important to keep things in perspective. Although it may be disappointing not being admitted to one school, being accepted to other colleges is a huge accomplishment. Once a student as processed the new, he or she should do the following to move forward.
Get a clear picture of the odds.
In order to make an informed decision about whether or not to stay on a wait list, students should get as much information as they can about their chances of getting into the school. “Call the institution to see if you can find out more information — for instance, where are you on the wait list? How many individuals will they wait-list in a typical year? What percentage of individuals on the wait list typically end up being offered admission? When will wait-listed students be notified if they are accepted or denied?” says Young.
Express interest in remaining on the wait list.
After deciding to stay on a waiting list, a student should let the school know as soon as possible. “Notify the college about your desire to stay on the wait list or pursue other options,” says Andrews. “While it is advantageous to accept if you want to attend the school, consider the stipulations that come along with it; for example, because you were notified later than other students, you will have fewer housing and financial aid options.”
Pay the deposit for another school.
A wait-listed student should keep options open. Since there's no guarantee that the first-choice college will ultimately admit the student, he or she should make a decision about another school to attend and pay a deposit to that school to secure a place.
Increase chances of getting in.
It's hard to predict whether or not students will get off a waiting list, but they should do their best to improve their odds of being admitted. The following tips can help:
Demonstrate interest in the school.
“If a student is wait-listed for a first-choice program, it is never a bad idea to reach out to your admissions counselor to make a case for your admission. Whether in person, through an interview or through written documentation, admissions counselors are encouraged when an applicant can articulate an authentic desire to attend the school,” Young says. “Be sure to back your authentic desire to attend the school with thorough knowledge about the institution and why you are prepared to take advantage of the institution's resources. It is always great to be specific about what programs you plan to take advantage of if admitted.”
Keep grades up.
Students may feel tempted to slow down and not work as hard after they've applied to college, but it's important for wait-listed students to continue to work hard in their classes and do well on their AP exams since schools consider wait-listed students' entire senior year performance.
Retake SAT or ACT.
There's always room for improvement, so retaking the SAT or ACT and getting a higher score can help to bolster a wait-listed student's application, as well as demonstrate that person's dedication to proving he or she will succeed at the school.
Get alumni recommendations.
“It is always a great idea to solicit alumni recommendations. Don't be shy about asking a family friend who has graduated from the institution to send a supporting letter on your behalf,” says Young. “Most institutions value the opinions of committed alums — particularly those who continue to support the school financially.”
Update the school.
After students have worked hard to keep their grades up and increase test scores, they should let schools know what's been going on since they submitted their applications. “It's always a good idea for a student who is wait-listed to write the college a letter explaining any and all new accomplishments since the initial application and emphasizing that if the student is accepted off the wait list, the student will most certainly attend the college,” Meister says.
If a student finds out he or she has been admitted into the first-choice college after all, that student should quickly accept the offer, and let any backup school the student will not be attending know right away, so the admissions office can fill that slot with a wait-listed student at that college.
Expert Q & A
When applying to colleges, students will have a lot of questions about how waiting lists work. We have interviewed the following experts to get their perspectives on college wait lists and how students should handle being wait-listed:
Craig Meister , founder of Admissions Intel
Pam Andrews , CEO of The Scholarship Shark
Tracy Riggle Young , director of enrollment and retention at Pittsburgh Theological Seminary
How do admissions officers decide which students will be admitted and which ones will be wait-listed?
What factors increase the chance of a student being wait-listed?
What can students do to reduce their chances of being wait-listed when they apply to a college
Should students pursue other opportunities as they wait to hear about their wait list statuses?
Should those who were wait-listed at a school before freshman year reapply as a transfer student later?
What are the most important things students should keep in mind during this process?
Additional Resources and Support
Can a Wait-Listed Student Still Get Accepted to College?
This video features a conversation between Stacey Brook of College Essay Advisors and Tanya Rivero of The Wall Street Journal about how students can survive the wait list.
How to Take Your College Application from Wait-Listed to Admitted!
In this video, Dakotah Eddy, assistant director of admissions consulting at Veritas Prep, discusses how students can get off a wait list and be admitted.
Wait-Listed for College: The Waiting Game
Ariel Kaminer of The New York Times talks to experts about waiting lists and highlights some of the strange things students will do to get off wait lists and be accepted.
What To Do When You're Stuck On A College Wait List
In this NPR report, college admissions professionals discuss how waiting lists work and what students should do if they are wait-listed.
College Admissions: Inside the Decision Room
In this video, Bloomberg provides a behind-the-scenes look at the admissions process at Amherst College.
College Wait Lists Often Waste Would-Be Students' Time
This article from NPR discusses the chances of moving from a waiting list to admittance at certain schools, and it provides information on how many students were wait-listed, how many chose to remain those lists and how many were ultimately admitted to those schools.
Navigating the MBA Wait List
In this Clear Admit podcast, experts discuss how students can be proactive about moving from waiting lists to being accepted and what they should avoid. Although this discussion focuses on wait lists for MBA programs, all students can gain an understanding of how the wait list process works from this podcast.
Wait-Listed: The New Rejection Letter?
This VoiceAmerica Internet Talk Radio discussion of wait lists features Kennon Dick, former Swarthmore senior admissions officer, who provides information on ways students decrease or increase their chances of being placed on a school's waiting list. Also, the episode includes tips from college finance expert Jeanne Mahan on how to reduce the cost of higher education.
The Real Reasons Why Colleges Wait-List Students
College counselor Sara Harberson, who previously worked as the associate dean of admissions at the University of Pennsylvania and the dean of admissions and financial aid at Franklin & Marshall College, provides information about the impacts that test scores, financial aid and student interest may have on whether or not students end up on a school's waiting list.
3 College Wait List Mistakes to Avoid
This U.S. News & World Report article warns students about what not to do if they get wait-listed by the colleges they want to attend.
Dirty Secrets of College Wait Lists
This article from The Daily Beast includes a look at how waiting lists work and what strategies students can use to go from being wait-listed to accepted.
What to Do if You're Wait-Listed
The College Board provides advice on what students should do if they are placed on waiting lists.
Don't Wait to Get off a College Wait List
The Huffington Post provides advice on how to take action after being placed on a school's waiting list.
How To Get Off The Wait List
This Forbes article include tips on how to get off a waiting list by making themselves more appealing for colleges to admit.